Self-concept can be broadly defined as the beliefs, views or judgment against him. According to Rogers self-concept is an organized and consistent conceptual consisting of perceptions about the nature of ‘self- subject’ or ‘self- object’ and perceptions of relationships between ‘self- subjects’ ‘self- object’ with others and with various aspects of life as well as the values attached to these perceptions perseepsi (Lindzey & Hall, 1993; 201)
According to Hurlock (1978 : 238), a positive self-concept would develop if a person develops the properties associated with the ‘good self- esteem’, ‘good self- confidence’, and the ability to see themselves realistically. These properties allow one to relate to others accurately and lead to good adjustment. A person with a positive self-concept would seem optimistic, confident and always be positive about everything.
Instead of negative self-concept according to Hurlock (1978 : 238) would appear if someone develops feelings of inferiority, feel free, less certain and less confident. A person is said to have a negative self-concept and see if it believes that the self is weak, helpless, unable to do anything, incompetent, failed, poor, unattractive, unpopular and does not have the appeal against life.
So, Self-concept is a person’s perception of themselves as a whole. The concept of self-importance in a person’s direct interaction with the environment affect the person’s self-concept.
Understanding Anorexia and Bulimia
When entering adolescence, especially during puberty, teenagers become very concerned over weight gain, especially young women, because they have added the amount of fatty tissue, so it is easy to become obese when consuming a high -calorie foods. In fact, most women want to look slim and skinny because they thought banhwa being thin will make them happy, successful, and popular. Teens with eating disorders have problems with body image.
This means that they already have a mind set that their bodies are not ideal. They find the body fat and unsightly.
In the case of anorexia nervosa appetite loss or disturbance of the appetite center. It is caused by a distorted concept of the concept of body image, so that patients have an excessive fear for obesity. People with anorexia nervosa are aware they are hungry but afraid to meet their food needs , because it can result in increased body weight. Unlike the victims of famine, people with anorexia nervosa are able to maintain the strength and activities of daily close to normal. Not feeling hungry and not worried about his condition.
Fear of feeling too fat or fat is especially true in women, thus limiting eating and sometimes not eating or fasting. Finally do not want to eat until thin. The disorder is a lot going on in the community that worships skinny body shape. They are constantly on a diet to achieve a thin body , which in turn these conditions cause harmful effects, namely death. This disease can cause death in 10 % of patients.
Anorexia and bulimia are eating disorders that often occur in women. The disorder is usually a form of self torture. Therefore, great attention is needed to deal with anorexia and bulimia. Anorexia and bulimia are eating disorders that torment, where both state it is as dangerous for the body. The disorder produced by the fear that the body will be fat after eating, and mental fear it will shine through physical torture.
Bulimia can be followed by the occurrence of anorexia, and vice versa. Many factors contribute to the abnormalities in the diet such as genetic disorders, social pressure to be slim, pressure from peers, and others. In principle, anorexia and bulimia can be classified as the same disease, namely weight – phobia sufferers really scared aka weight gain. Literally, anorexia means loss of appetite. But actually not all anorexics lose her appetite. Gemuklah fear that causes them to hold unnatural appetite, until many eventually lost her appetite as sekaliódan do not realize that their body actually live bones wrapped in skin.