Nursing pico questions emergency room easy picot nursing research topics good nursing picot questions pediatric picot question ideas picot fall prevention examples sample picot statement list of picot questions nursing picot question for nurse burnout picot question example
50+ good nursing picot question examples 3

NURSING PICOT QUESTION Examples

Formulating a PICOT question

PICO is a popular mnemonic in nursing. P stands for Patient/Problem, I for Intervention, C for Comparison, and O for Outcome. PICOT is used by nursing students to generate answers to seemingly vague questions. PICOT question examples such as “How effective is handwashing in reducing infections?” can be broken down in the following manner:

  • What Population is this question referring to? Is it adults, adolescents, or children?
  • The Intervention is handwashing
  • Comparison – Are there other methods that can reduce infections other than handwashing?
  • Outcome – the intended outcome in this scenario is reduced infections.
  • Time

Good PICOT question examples

  1. In African American female adolescents with hepatitis B (P), how does acetaminophen (I) compared to ibuprofen (C) affect liver function (O)? (picot question examples)
  2. For women who use birth control methods (P), how do birth control pills (I) compare to IUD (C) in managing optimal body weight(O)?
  3. Is phenylketonuria {PKU} test (I) done on two-week-old infants (P) more accurate in the diagnosis of inborn errors in metabolism (O) compared with PKU tests done at 24 hours of age (C)? Time is implied at two weeks and 24 hours old?
  4. In middle-aged men with suspected myocardial infarction (P), are serial 12-lead ECGs (I) compared with one initial 12-lead ECG (C) more precise in identifying an acute myocardial infarction (O)?
  5. In autistic children (P), how does the consumption of wheat (I) compares to the consumption of vegetable (C) in reducing gut reaction? (O)
  6. Are teenagers (P) who have overweight adoptive parents (I) at bigger risk for obesity (O) compared with kids (P) without overweight adoptive parents (C) during the ages of 10 and eighteen years (T)?
  7. Are 40- to 50- year old women (P) who have hypertension (I) compared with those without hypertension e (C) at increased risk for a heart attack (O) during the first year after angioplasty (T)? (picot question examples)

Pediatrics Nursing Picot Question Examples

  1. Among term/near term newborn infants born to mothers with risk factors for neonatal infection (P), does the use of immediate prophylactic antibiotic (I), compared to selective use of antibiotics (C) have an impact on neonatal mortality and/or on neonatal sepsis (O)?
  2. In low-birth-weight/pre-term neonates in health facilities (P), are plastic wraps or caps used immediately after birth (I) more effective than conventional care (C) in preventing hypothermia (O)?
  3. For young infants (0-2 months) with suspected sepsis managed in health facilities (P), should third-generation cephalosporin monotherapy (I) replace the currently recommended ampicillin-gentamicin combination (C) as first-line empiric treatment for preventing death and sequelae (O)?
  4. In children with acute severe malnutrition (P), are antibiotics (I) effective in preventing death and sequelae (O)?
  5. Among healthy newborn infants in low- and middle-income countries (P), does early skin-to-skin contact of the baby with the mother in the first hour of life (I) compared with drying and wrapping (C) have an impact on neonatal mortality, hypothermia or initiation/exclusivity/ duration of breastfeeding (O)?

PICOT question examples diabetes (picot question examples hypertension)

  1. Do type 2 diabetics (P) get better glycemic control (O) with exercise as the primary treatment (I) than those who get drug therapy as a primary treatment (C)?
  2. In patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity (P), is bariatric surgery (I) more effective than standard medical therapy (C) at increasing the probability of remission of diabetes (O)?
  3. In middle-aged men with type 2 diabetes and normal blood pressure, does blood pressure lowering medication help prevent the risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke or diabetic kidney disease?

Easy picot nursing research topics

  1. With patients over the age of 60 years is negative therapy wound pressure a better therapy when compared to a standard moist?
  2. COPD patients what are probable after effects, in the form of bruises and other injuries, of herapin injection therapy?
  3. For middle-aged women is the ingestion of zinc pills more effective than Vitamin C for preventing cold during winter?
  4. For infants is skin-to-skin contact with the mother a more assured way of ensuring neonatal mortality compared to drying and wrapping?
  5. During bleeding in a neonate is vitamin K prophylaxis effective in preventing Vitamin K deficiency?
  6. Amongst patients awaiting cardiac operation do the roles of a pre-surgery cardiac nurse prevent depression?
  7. Among school-going children is medical intervention a proper way of dealing with childhood obesity?

Good Nursing Picot Questions Examples

  1. In public schools can a nurse-led presentation of mental health associated with bullying help in combating such tendencies?
  2. For adult men over the age of 70 years what are the effects of adding beta-blockers for lowering blood pressure?
  3. Amongst children with sepsis, what are the measurable effects of extending ICU stays and antibiotic consumption amongst children with sepsis?
  4. Amongst patients who are suffering from chronic diseases does psychological intervention help increase self-confidence?
  5. For patients who are suffering from asthma, what are the effects of IVF bolus in controlling the amount of Magnesium Sulfate?
  6. Among 20-30 years old women in the UK does the increase in the intake of oral contraceptives increase the chances of breast cancer?
  7. In patients who are recovering from neck cancer, Is yoga an effective medical therapy in the reduction of lymphedema?
  8. Do women, between the age of 25 and 40 years, who takes regular oral contraceptives at greater risk of blood clots when compared to the women in the same age group who avoid oral contraceptives?

Pain Management Picot Question Examples

  • For patients who are slowly coming out from their anesthesia Does music therapy an effective mode of PACU pain management?
  • For adults over the age of 50 years, is fentanyl more effective than morphine in dealing with the pain?
  • Does the use of pain relief medication throughout the process of the surgery reduce the pain more effectively when compared to the intake of the same medicine given post-surgery?

PICOT question examples pregnancy

“For postpartum cesarean section pain, will PCA pump work better as compared to IM or SQ analgesics to reduce postoperative postpartum pain”?

Nursing pico questions emergency room

IN Emergency Department, does the Application of over-crowding indices, compared to Raw ED volumes, lead to prognostic accuracy for over-crowding-related outcomes (increased error rates, ED length of stay, staff burnout), reliability, physician/patient acceptability, external validity in 3 months?

Picot fall prevention examples

  • Considering the EBO project deals with the PICOT question in the patients who are hospitalized in the orthopedic unit (P), the effect of a mal-factorial method with the best intervention (I) is also used, when compared with the usual care (C) on the rate of falls, the fall injury and patient and staff compliance (O) throughout three months (T) is considered.
  • In older adults aged 65 and above living in a gated community (P), does exercising at least 3 hours a week (I) compared to having a sedentary lifestyle (C) reduces the incidence and improves the prevention of falls (O) in one year?
  • In geriatric patients above the age of 65 years living in long-term care facilities (P), what is the effect of exercise and vitamin D supplementation (I) compared to the lack of exercise and vitamin supplementation (C) on improving muscle stability and balance (O) over the course of four months (T)?
  • For adult hospitalized patients, (P) does patient education on prevention of falls during admission (I) compared with normal nursing care (C) reduce the risks of patient falls(O) within 2 months? (T)
  • In a children’s ward(P), does hourly rounding(I), compared to daily rounding(C) minimize patient falls(O) within a period of 3 months(T)?
  • Does high blood pressure(I) increase sugar levels(O)in pregnant women(P) during the last three months of pregnancy(T) as compared to the first three months(C)?
  • Are old people(P) who have Asthma(I) at more risk of contracting coronavirus easily(O) as compared to those without Asthma(C) within the first 72 hours of exposure(T)?

Sample PICOT Question Example

Sample picot question example
Sample picot question example


To develop some good PICOT questions researchers must recognize a need or a reason for the study. The search for high-quality clinical research evidence can be overwhelming to many. However, by utilizing the PICOT or PICO format researchers can streamline their research process. As result, one will be able to produce the best existing evidence to support clinical decisions and explore alternative treatments and procedures.

PICOT questions aim to focus on experiences and different points of view and to enrich the students’ understanding through the analysis of words. PICO questions require a considerable time of effort and time that students mostly don’t have due to stringent deadlines, emergencies, and other life commitments.

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