How can we slow down antibiotic resistance?What is causing the evolutionary arms race with pathogens? Provide an example to illustrate your answer. Relevance of Evolution: Medicine

How can we slow down antibiotic resistance?What is causing the evolutionary arms race with pathogens? Provide an example to illustrate your answer.
Relevance of Evolution: Medicine

What is causing the evolutionary arms race with pathogens? Provide an example to illustrate your answer.
The rapid rate of evolution has caused by quick reproduction connected with natural selection makes it hard for individual to fight with them and cure the diseases. The humans have found in this competition they have to making sure that they can combat these diseases and also have control over the mutation of these pathogens, such as HIV.(http://www.hivplusmag.com/case-studies/research-breakthroughs/2012/09/07/anyone-immune-hiv)

How can we slow down antibiotic resistance?
There are various strategies that can be used to delay the evolution of the antibiotic resistance among them being avoiding the use of antibiotics when treating serious diseases such as viruses, making sure that one completes their antibiotic dose, when treating a bacterial disease, a combination of drugs should be used, shunning from mild antibiotics doses over a long time and also by getting rid of the antibiotic use on crops or animals.

What is the evolutionary history of HIV? Why do some people live with HIV and not get sick?
The evolutionary history of HIVs is highly related to other viruses. These include SIVs which were common in primates and the FIVs common in cats. The people who have HIV but do not get AIDS usually show the existence of antibodies that are against the HIV virus in the body. This gives them a level of resistance. The website I quote in question #1 is about why some HIV carriers don’t feel sick in their whole life.

How is the medical community controlling HIV’s resistance to drugs?
By describing like a cocktail of drugs on HIV, patients are taking different drugs together to help keep any resistant virus in from evolving.

How is Huntington’s chorea passed down from one generation to the next? Explain in detail the process of inheritance.
Huntington’s chorea is an autosomal dominant disease whereby the presence of one abnormal gene in a cell can cause the disease. The abnormal gene is inherited from the parents, and once a single abnormal gene has been passed to offspring from parents, it is hardly wipe out because of the late-onset.

Why does Huntington’s chorea persist in the population?
The disease is persistent, for natural selection never totally wipe out the alleles, and also mutations come out.

How is Darwinian Medicine Useful?

What questions does Darwinian medicine seek to answer?
The main question that Darwinian medicine seeks to answer is why the body of an individual is not designed in a better manner and why disease doesn’t exist entirely.

How did natural selection shape appetite regulation? How does this become maladaptive in today’s society where an abundance of food and lack of exercise are prevalent?


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