The term “hepatitis” is used for all types of inflammation of the liver. The causes can be various kinds, ranging from viruses to drugs, including traditional medicine. Viral hepatitis are also some types, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, C, D, E, F and G. Manifestations of the disease can be acute viral hepatitis (hepatitis A) can also be chronic hepatitis (Hepatitis B, C) and those who later become cancerous liver (Hepatitis B and C).
Often Hepatitis A infection in children causes no symptoms, whereas in adults causes flu-like symptoms, fatigue, fever, diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, yellow eyes and loss of appetite. The symptoms disappeared completely after 6-12 weeks. People infected with hepatitis A will be immune to the disease. Unlike Hepatitis B and C, Hepatitis A does not lead to chronic hepatitis.
The incubation period is 30 days. Transmission through contaminated food or drink feces of patients, such as eating fruits, vegetables that are not cooked or eating shellfish is half-baked. Drink with ice cubes that the process is contaminated.
Currently there are vaccines for hepatitis A, provides immunity for 4 weeks after the first injection, the length required for immunity vaccine injections several times. Drug addicts and anal sex, including homosexual is a high risk of contracting hepatitis A.
Symptoms similar to hepatitis A, flu, ie loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, yellow eyes and vomiting, and fever. Transmission can be through the needle or knife contaminated blood transfusions and human bites.
Hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective has been available since a few years ago. Which is the risk of contracting hepatitis B are drug addicts, people who have many sexual partners.
Hepatitis D virus (HDV) or delta virus is a virus that is unique, which is not complete and to require the presence of viral replication of hepatitis B. Transmission through sexual contact, needles and blood transfusions. Symptoms of hepatitis D varies, can appear as mild symptoms (co-infection) or very progressive.
A hepatitis-like symptoms, fever pegel pains, fatigue, loss of appetite and abdominal pain. Diseases that will heal themselves (self-limited), except when it occurs in pregnancy, particularly the third trimester, can be deadly. Transmission through feces-contaminated water.
There are only few cases are reported. Currently, experts do not agree with hepatitis F is a separate hepatitis.
Symptoms similar to hepatitis C, often concurrent infection with hepatitis B and / or C. No cause fulminant hepatitis or chronic hepatitis. Transmission through blood transfusion needle. Hopefully, this knowledge could be useful for you and you can pass on to your friends or relatives.
Liver Cancer Prevention
This cancer is associated with Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C. This means that in general patients with liver cancer had been infected with Hepatitis B or C.
Both diseases are transmitted through body fluids. Hepatitis B virus and Hepatitis C can be transmitted through sexual contact, needles, and blood transfusions.
In general today in our country was safe blood transfusion, blood is screened will be given Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV. Thus the possibility of transmission of hepatitis and HIV through blood transfusion has become smaller. Symptoms of hepatitis, the virus usually begins with fever, muscle aches, nausea, yellow eyes, and a reddish-colored urine such as tea water. However, not all people experience such symptoms.
Hepatitis C symptoms are usually milder than Hepatitis A or B. Once stricken with hepatitis A patients generally recover completely, no one becomes chronic. Hepatitis B is also most will recover well and only about 5-10 percent will become chronic. When hepatitis B become chronic then most patients with chronic hepatitis B will be liver cirrhosis and liver cancer.
In Hepatitis C patients who become chronic so much more. Most people with chronic hepatitis C will become cirrhosis and liver cancer. Only a small fraction of patients with hepatitis B who develop into liver cancer. Similarly, in patients with hepatitis C only partially into liver cancer. It usually takes 17 to 20 years old man suffering from Hepatitis C to develop into liver cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Now there is a new drug for Hepatitis B called lamivudine. The drug is a tablet taken once a day. Whereas if required treatment is available for hepatitis C drug interferon (injection) and Ribavirin (capsule). However, use of these drugs require a doctor’s supervision.
The results of blood tests that showed positive anti-HBs means you infected with hepatitis B virus, but the virus is no longer in your blood (HBsAg negative). It even suggests that you now have immunity to hepatitis B (anti-HBs positive). Because the anti-HBs antibody levels for your height, then you no longer need to be vaccinated. Hepatitis B immunization can begin in infancy.
Anti-HCV negative it means you have not been infected with Hepatitis C. Until now there is no vaccine for hepatitis C, so it is advisable to be careful so as not infected with Hepatitis C. So avoid contact with other people’s body fluids. One effective way to reduce the frequency of liver cancer is hepatitis B immunization It has been proven in many countries. Apparently, the countries that have Hepatitis B immunization program a good frequency of liver cancer decreased markedly. Hopefully the people we too care about the Hepatitis B immunization. [infeksi.com]