Depression – Definition, Symptom, Causes, Risk Factors and Prevention

Depression - definition, symptom, causes, risk factors and prevention 1

Definition of Depression

Depression is a medical disorder that attacks the body and mind. Also called major depression, major depressive, and clinical depression and have an impact on how you feel, think, and your behavior. Depression can lead to variations in emotional and physical problems. You may have problems in performing daily activities, and depression may make you feel as if life is not worth.

More than just feeling sad, depression is not something that can be easily removed. Depression is a chronic illness that usually requires long-term treatment such as diabetes or high blood pressure. Many people with depression feel better with medical treatment, counseling or other treatment.

Symptom of Depression

The symptoms of depression include:

  • Feel sad.
  • Irritability or frustration even at small things.
  • Losing interest or pleasure in normal activities.
  • Reduce the activity of an intimate relationship.
  • Insomnia or too much sleep.
  • Changing appetite – often a case of depression reduce the appetite and cause weight loss, but in some people depression cause increased appetite and weight gain.
  • Sense of turbulent or agitated.
  • Slow in thinking, talking, or moving.
  • Indecision, easily distracted, and reduced concentration.
  • Tired and lost energy – even small tasks require more effort.
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt and fixated on past mistakes or blame themselves when something goes wrong.
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things.
  • Often thought of death, suffering or downfall.
  • Crying for no apparent reason.
  • Have unexplained physical problems such as back pain or headaches.
  • In some people the symptoms of depression often feel sad or unhappy without really knowing why.

As a result of depression on each person varies each other. Lineage, age, gender and cultural background all play a role how depression befall you.

Symptoms of depression in children and adolescents

  • Usually the symptoms of depression in children and adolescents differ from the symptoms of depression in adults.
  • In younger children, symptoms of depression such as sadness, irritability, hopelessness and worry.
  • Symptoms in adolescents and teens are anxious, angry feelings and avoiding social interaction.
  • The change of mind is a common sign of depression in adolescents and adults, but not uncommon in younger children.
  • In children and teens depression common with behavioral problems and other mental health conditions such as anxiety or ADHD.

Symptoms of depression in adults

  • There is an older adult depression may go undiagnosed because the symptoms – for example, fatigue, loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping or lost interest in intimate relations – may mean caused by other diseases.
  • Older people with depression say they are not satisfied with the ordinary life, boring, helpless or useless. They always want to stay at home, rather than go to socialize or try something new.
  • Thought or feeling suicidal adults become serious signs of depression that can not be taken lightly, especially in the actions of men. In all people with depression, but men have a higher risk for suicide.

Causes of Depression

It is not known what causes depression. As with many mental illnesses, this appears due to many factors , among others :

  • Biological differences. People with depression will show up changes in brain activity.
  • Neurotransmitters. Naturally arise in relation to the mood chemical that has a role in depression.
  • Harmon. Changing the hormone balance of the body to trigger depression. Hormonal changes can result in thyroid problems, menopause and other conditions.
  • Lineage. Depression appears in people who have family members who also have the condition. Scientists are trying to discover what genes might be involved in causing depression.
  • Genesis live. Events such as the death or loss of a loved one, financial problems and high stress can trigger depression in some people.
  • Childhood trauma. Traumatic event when the children, can can cause permanent changes in the brain that makes you more vulnerable to depression.

Risk factors of Depression

  • Depression is particularly the case in the late 20s but can actually occur at any age. Although the exact cause of depression is unknown, scientists have identified certain factors that increase the risk of developing or triggering the emergence of depression, namely :
  • Have a biological relationship with the people who have depression.
  • Women.
  • Having a traumatic event during childhood.
  • Have a biological relationship with alcoholic notes
  • Having a family member who experienced the fall.
  • Have experience life events that provide pressure, such as the death of a loved one.
  • Has many personal friends or relations.
  • Having a depressed mood when small.
  • Having a serious illness, such as cancer, heart attack, Alzheimer’s or HIV / AIDS.
  • Have certain properties, such as low self-confidence and excessive reliance, self-critical or pessimistic.
  • Penyalahguanan alcohol, nicotine or drugs.
  • Take over the medical treatment of high blood pressure that is owned , taking sleeping pills or certain other medical treatment ( talk to your doctor before stopping undergoing certain medical treatments that you think lead to changes in your mood )

Prevention of Depression

  • There is no sure way to prevent depression. However you should take steps to control stress, to increase your endurance and to boost low self-esteem. Friendship and social support, especially in times of crisis will be able to help you.
  • In addition, the treatment is carried out at the beginning of the symptoms can help prevent depression worse. Long-term care also helps prevent kembuhnya symptoms of depression.


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