Acne – Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Risk Factors and Prevention

Acne - definition, symptoms, causes, risk factors and prevention 1

Definition of Acne

Acne, facial blemishes, or pimples, can be a source of pain and interfere with your confidence. Wounds caused by acne can be cured slowly and when one of them began to overcome acne others will arise.

Hormones can be a cause of acne it is more common in adolescence. But basically everyone at all age levels can have acne. Some adult women have acne because of hormones that occurs when a pregnancy, the menstrual cycle, or at the start or stop taking birth control pills.

Symptom of Acne

  • Acne can grow on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders, depending on which area of high oil production. Acne can be shaped as follows:
  • Blackheads (white or black) – Occurs when the pores closed and deadlocked due to oil, dead skin cells and sometimes by bacteria.
  • Papules – It is a stain on the surface of the skin arise as a result of inflammation and infection in the pores. Reddish papules may be smooth on the skin.
  • Postules – is a red stain that arises on the skin surface and there is pus in the end.
  • Nodules – is a big stain, hard, painful lumps under the skin surface. These bumps are formed by piles of sweat or oil clogged.
  • Cysts – Cysts feels sore and a lump of pus under the skin surface. Infection will make it boil that can damage the skin.

Causes of Acne

There are three factors that cause acne :

  • Excess oil production.
  • Excessive dead skin cells will cause irritation to the pores.
  • Growth of bacteria on the skin.

Acne occurs when skin pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. This blockage can cause bumps on the pores and blackheads that become white. Alternatively, the blockage can be open at the skin surface and darken and become black blackheads.

Acne will cause a red dot with a white center that grows when the clogged pores become inflamed and infected. Closure and this inflammation occurs in the pores of the skin that produce lumps beneath the surface of the skin called cysts.

It is not known what causes the increased production of oils that cause acne. But some things – hormones, bacteria, certain medical treatments and heredity – play a role.

Acne is not caused by dirt. In fact, scrubbing the skin too hard or cleansing with harsh soaps or other chemicals will irritate the skin and can cause acne to get worse. Simple skin cleansing to remove oil and dead skin cells is necessary.

Risk factors of Acne

Hormonal changes in the body can trigger or aggravate acne. This change is common in:

  • Teenagers, both male and female.
  • Women and girls, in two to seven days before the menstrual period.
  • Pregnant women.
  • People who use certain medical treatments.

Other risk factors included are:

  • Direct use of substances containing oil on the skin, or the use of certain cosmetics directly to the skin.
  • Note in the family – if your parents had acne, then chances are you will also have acne.
  • Friction or pressure on the face caused by a variety of objects, such as telephone or mobile phones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.

Prevention of Acne

When you experience acne improved or lost, you can continue with medical treatment or other treatment to prevent new acne. Ask your doctor about how you can prevent new acne. You can also prevent new acne with self-care measures such as cleaning your skin with a gentle cleanser and avoid touching the affected areas.

Other tips for preventing acne are:

  • Clean the area of ??skin that has acne tendencies will occur two times a day. Cleaning the skin will remove excess oil and dead skin cells. However, if too many can make skin irritation. Clean the skin with a gentle cleanser and use free of oil content. Use skin care products that are water.
  • Use acne removal cream or gel to help keep dry skin from excess oil. Use products that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid as the active ingredient.
  • Avoid heavy foundation makeup. Use cosmetics cream as a base before powder cosmetic use.
  • Clean makeup before bed. Sleeping with cosmetics that are still attached to the skin can clog the pores of the skin. Be sure to not use old cosmetics cosmetic clean your equipment regularly with soapy water.
  • Avoid tight clothing. Tight clothing can retain heat and moisture and can cause irritation to the skin. Avoid rope / rubber, backpacks, helmets or sports equipment tight to prevent pressure on the skin.
  • Go take a shower after exercise or after doing heavy work. Oil and sweat on the skin can withstand dirt and bacteria.


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