1. Describe Kohlberg’s six stages of moral development. 2. Summarize the response to the Heinz..
- Describe Kohlberg’s six stages of moral development.
- Summarize the response to the Heinz dilemma by Jake and Amy.
- How does Gilligan interpret Amy’s response in terms of a difference between men and women?
- What are Gilligan’s three levels of moral development in women?
- What factor of factors do Gilligan believe to be responsible for a negative reaction to care ethics, particularly among adolescents?
- Explain two of the five criticisms of Gilligan’s care ethics.
CAROL GILLIGAN’S ETHICS OF CARE 81 5 3 care, only one man focused on care. Thus, for Gilligan, care retains its connection to the “feminine.” Our task is to interpret and assess Gilligan’s claims and claims like Carol Gilligan’s them. “With focus defined as 75 percent or more of the considerations 4 raised pertaining either to justice or to care,” it is, after all, puzzling why Ethics of Care only one of Gilligan’s male subjects focused on care, while several of her female subjects focused on justice. Could it be that men have good reason not to be carers? Is caring always a risky business? Or is it risky only in Although twentieth-century feminine and feminist approaches to certain kinds of societies? Specifically, is it dangerous for women and ethics are distinguishable one from the other, they share many other vulnerable people to espouse an ethics of care in a patriarchal ontological and epistemological assumptions. Whether a “feminine” society? and/or “feminist” thinker is celebrating or critiquing the virtue of care, s/he will tend to believe that the self is an interdependent being EXPLANATIONS OF GILLIGAN’S ETHICS OF CARE rather than an atomistic entity. S/he will also tend to believe that knowledge is “emotional” as well as “rational” and that thoughtful Gilligan represents her work as a response to the Freudian notion that men persons reflect on concrete particularities as well as abstract have a well-developed moral sense whereas women do not. As Gilligan universals. This is certainly true of Carol Gilligan, whose ethics of sees it, Freud condemned women twice. On the basis of what amounted to care is definitely rooted in “women’s. ways” of being and knowing.’ , little more than his own personal reflections, Freud, simply declared that The questions that Gilligan poses about the relationship between women “show less sense of justice than men … are less ready to submit to gender and morality are similar to the ones…